Congresos y reuniones científicas
Human Capital across regions in Argentina
San Miguel de Tucumán
Congreso; 5th Annual Conference: Argentine Regions in the Bicentenary; 2015
Institución organizadora:
Sociedad Argentina de Economía Regional. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas de la Universidad Nacional de Tucumán
The study of regional differences in Argentina in terms of returns to education is highly relevant, primarily due to the existence of deep inequalities in the configuration of regional structures in this country. The main differences are based on several economic and demographic characteristics across regions that have an impact on the social dynamics of such regions.This issue has been acknowledged in the literature, in order to get a full understanding of the dynamics that might explain those dissimilarities, especially in the educational and labour fields. However, empirical literature or the case of Argentina is still limited.The analysis of regional differences in human capital, as well as their impact on private returns to education  i.e. income levels of individuals , has been addressed in a number of studies, such as Winters (2012), Lopez-Bazo and Motellón (2012), and Ciccone et al. (2004), for the cases of the United States, Spain, and Italy, respectively.For the Argentinean case, no attention has been paid to differences in the returns to education by region. Only a few recent studies, such as Giovagnoli et al. (2005), have approached this issue by using Mincerian equations as the methodological strategy to estimate the returns to education, combined with a quantile regression analysis to detect differences in the returns across the distribution of wages. However, the regional perspective was not incorporated in this study, even when wage differences between regions are remarkable.